New canals paper (No. 10) added
A short general paper on the historical background has been added to the Geology>Canals topic. Scroll down the list of papers at this webpage.
WEBLINKS tab added to Home Page
If you look along the green ribbon above the red alert banner you will see that WEBLINKS has been added. Different categories are displayed under WEBLINKS, and more will be added. At the moment there are no sub-categories as we wanted to keep it simple. However, you don't have to browse each category if you want to find a particular subject - you can use the website's SEARCH mechanism next to the magnifying glass. Into the keyword box put 'weblinks' and, say, 'Ledbury'. The search will bring up (at the moment) two 'hits' and if you select the link on the right the weblink page will open. In the example given, you will find 'Ledbury Naturalists' Field Club' under Nature and 'Ledbury Civic Society' under Local societies. Don't forget that the SEARCH is an 'AND' so if you're interested in two different places, for example, SEARCH for them separately.
Transactions Table of Contents added
Although Club non-members cannot see the last 10 years of Transactions online, they can now browse the Table of Contents for each issue which may help them to decided about getting copies. Each paper and illustration is described. Link here to the Table of Contents page or put 'table' 'contents' and year into the SEARCH field.
Transactions from 1890 to 1938 now online
Images of the Transactions volumes from 1890 to 1938 are now on the website and can be viewed online or downloaded. All the volumes for this date range cover several years and have single Contents and Index sections. This means that in some cases the files are quite large. If you are viewing online you can adjust the size of the images with options at the top of the screen.
A given year can be accessed by selecting the Publications tab, then Transactions and scrolling down to the year you want. Alternatively you can put Transactions followed by the year into the SEARCH box. The results of a SEARCH will give you a link to the volume concerned and you can download or view the Transactions (if it is now online). The Club is committed to putting all the historic Transactions online, but there are some copyright and privacy issues to be resolved.
The Leominster canal
Seven articles on the Leominster canal and associated subjects by Gerry Calderbank are now available under the topic Geology>Canals or by following the links below. The Archaeological Research Section (ARS) of the Club has paid a number of field visits to places along the route of the canal, and the results have been combined with archival research. Please note that it has not been possible to index all the place and personal names in the articles so please read them if you have an interest in the area.
This first article on researching the Leominster canal is an introduction to the subject, with suggested locations for investigation and notes on the underlying geology of the route.
The second article reviews the history of the proposals for a canal and the surveys that were done. The technical issues which were solved (mostly) included bridges, aqueducts, feeder streams and sluices. There are still questions about the choice of route and these are answered at the end of the article.
3. THE LEOMINSTER SUMMIT LEVEL and the PUTNAL TUNNEL
By the end of the 18th century canal surveyors had built up some practical experience of local geological conditions and how to overcome the constructional problems they caused. However, it would be many years before the geology of the area east of Leominster was understood and how this impacted on the canal, e.g. the construction of the Putnal Tunnel near Orleton. This article analyses problems faced by the engineers.
4. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND to TRAMROADS and CANALS
Travellers such as Coxe and Hoare were just as interested in describing industrial activity in Herefordshire and Monmouthshire as they were in historical monuments. This article gives the background to the development of tramways in these two counties and their connection with canals and major iron-working sites such as Blaenavon. The Club’s geologists have explored the high-level tramroad leading to Brynmawr and Nantyglo and found ironstone nodules in Clydach gorge.
5. THE SUMMIT WATER SYSTEM
The regulation of a fairly constant water level in a canal depends on having a system of feeder channels, sluices, water storage and waste water discharge. This article describes the complexity of the natural water courses around Leominster and some of the management systems which kept the canal levels within bounds.
6. THE COMING of the IRON HORSE
The development of railways spelled the end of further canal development, being both cheaper and less costly to maintain. The most suitable terrain for the canals was also suitable for the railway. This article explores the development of the railways in Herefordshire, the personalities involved and the inevitable conflicts.
7. ON THE LEVEL: A HIST0RY OF SURVEYING
This article covers the history of surveying instruments from Roman times until the 1970s, when Woolhope Club members devised their own instrument for surveying archaeological sites. The metric v Imperial measurement complications are also discussed.
Earth Matters available online to all members
Earth Matters is the newsletter of the former Geology section of the Club and has been published yearly since 2004. These issues are now available to all members via the website; non-members will not be able to see the last five editions. The newsletter is fully illustrated in colour and contains articles and reports.. At the moment non-members can only see the 2004-2013 editions. Access the Earth Matters webpage here.
1831 Census return for Wigmore
Although the 1831 returns do not have peoples' names and are not of so much interest for family historians, it is interesting to see the instructions to the overseers and the way the information was recorded. Printed versions of the returns were published, but the actual return brings the process to life. Go to this link for People Lists.
Local maps added
A number of local maps have been added to MAPS>LOCAL MAPS. These are mainly estate maps and are in the parishes of Bridstow, Canon Pyon, Dilwyn, Goodrich, Holme Lacy, Hope-under-Dinmore, Ivington, Llangarron, Marstow, Kentchurch, Rowlestone, Stretton Sugwas, Wellington and Whitchurch. There are also a number of Hereford city maps including an improved version of Isaac Taylor's 1757 map of Hereford city.. Go to LOCAL MAPS to see the list of parishes. If there is a link shown there under the parish name there will be one or more local maps.
Herefordshire Birds by Gilbert and Walker 1954
This 58-page Club publication has now been loaded in the Pre-2012 Publications section. It has notes of surprising vagrants identified in the county from the preceding century onwards. See it here.
Fonts in Herefordshire by George Marshall
George Marshall's 3-part work on the pre-19th century fonts of Herefordshire was published from 1949-51; he died in December 1950. Over 200 fonts are mentioned and were photographed. Link to the index of parishes and images of the work here. To find if your parish has an entry search for 'font' and 'parish name with 'other' ticked.
Poston Camp Iron Age hillfort
A 39-page monograph on Poston Camp, an Iron age hillfort by Dr I E Anthony was published in 1958. Excavations were made there from the 1930s and this report summarises the discoveries about the earthworks. It also contains descriptions and illustrations of pottery and bones. There is a short note on excavations at Timberline Camp not far from Poston. At can be accessed from the list of pre-2012 Club publications or here.
Seals belonging to the Dean & Chapter of Hereford
This monograph by F C and Penelope Morgan is a list of seals in the collection of the Dean and Chapter of Hereford cathedral. It is described as a 'concise list'. There are 4 pages of illustrations. You can see it here.
Links to Pre-2012 Publications
Some of the older publications listed in the Pre-2012 Club Publications section are available via links to other organisations such as the Biodiversity Heritage Library. Others are in the process of being scanned, or if originally published as part of a Transactions volume, will be available when it has been uploaded to the website.
Paper on the RCHME survey added
In 2011 the Club published Essays in honour of Jim & Muriel Tonkin. Although the full volume is not available, one paper has been made available . This essay, The Royal Commission’s survey of the historical monuments of Herefordshire , recognizes their work in the field of vernacular architecture. The paper is available by following BUILDINGS>RCHME from the Home Page or by clicking here.
2017 Transactions available as download
The 2017 Transactions pdf is now available (to Club members only) as a download. Follow PUBLICATIONS>TRANSACTIONS from the Home Page and scroll down to see the available issues. The index has been uploaded to the website SEARCH mechanism but be aware that some items e.g. many of the bird names have not been indexed and must be searched for in the document itself.
Transactions Extra paper and Topics pictures
The first Transactions Extra paper is 'The Monumental Mysteries of Goodrich church'. It is about research into some previously unexplained items in the church: a much-abused altar-tomb; two sculptured heads sticking out of the wall in a dark corner and the connections of these with John Talbot, the 1st Earl of Shrewsbury and lord of Goodrich who died in battle in 1453. As this publication is only online it's possible to have the colour illustrations throughout. The British Library has allowed beautiful images of the Talbot-Shrewsbury book to be included, and Lambeth Palace library has allowed images of the wills of John Talbot and his son from their registers to be added. see the paper here. The index to the paper has been added to the website SEARCH mechanism.
The images used on the Home Page for the Topics panel have been changed, but it's now possible to access more information about them by choosing a Topic e.g. Archaeology and at the top of the page there is a link to a file with all the images that have been used. See it here.
Hearth Taxes: 1665 and 1671 (Wormelow) loaded
1665 Hearth Tax: This was transcribed by John Hornden from a film in Herefordshire archives. He also produced a personal names index. From these he published a typescript, copies of which are held at the archives, at the National Archives and at the Society of Genealogists. This has been photographed and the page images made available. on the website. The names index is available as a single file which can be downloaded. From this the images for each hundred can be browsed and a search for individual pages made using the website's Search mechanism on the Home Page. Some work still has to be done linking individual page images to a total list of the individual pages but this is not essential to the searcher. The 1665 Hearth Tax can be found by going to topic People>Person Taxation>Hearth Taxes>1665 Hearth Tax or by clicking here.
1671 Hearth Tax for Wormelow: This was transcribed for Matthews' continuation volume of Duncumb's history of Herefordshire. It was published in 1912. You can go to it via People>Person Taxation>Hearth Taxes>1671 Hearth Tax Wormelow or by clicking here.